Reading Teaching Strategies
Little children learn best when they repeat after you—their parents—and their teachers and friends. If you point to certain words or highlight them in a particular color, read them over and over again, call them out, or ask questions regarding them, kids learn the meaning, context, patterns, etc. These reading strategies, when used early in their life, open their minds and encourage them to think differently and speak confidently.
The more they read and you read to them, the faster they will learn to read.
Sound out letters: Even at a very young age, children have some knowledge about the spoken language. As a parent or teacher, you can use this knowledge base to teach them individual letters. Then, combine these letters to form words. When kids learn similar sounding words like bat, cat, mat, rat, they see the similarities and differences between these words.
Look for words in a story: Give your kid a book and watch him or her open it. If this child is familiar with a book, he or she will know how to hold it and to read from left to right, because your child has seen you or others read. You can now ask your child to look for a particular word or phrase or even a fact from a given passage.
Does your child understand words in a context? Once your child knows how individual words sound and how books are put together, they now need to understand, decode and evaluate a given few sentences or a passage. To help him or her understand better, give your kid a few context cues by which he or she will look at certain words near a new word and try and decipher the meaning. These reading strategies are sure to take them a long way.
Predict the events of a story: To try and make sense of a story, a child must apply logic and arrive at a logical conclusion.
Visualizing: By this process, your child must learn to make mental pictures of what is being read. For instance, he or she may draw a picture while listening to you read a story. Once the story is over, your child may be asked to tell the teacher what he or she thought of the passage. Perhaps you could ask your child to draw a character of the story and explain what a particular landscape looks like.
Summarizing: This can be done either in speech or writing and depends on the child’s level of understanding. You can get an idea of your child’s retention powers by asking him or her to narrate the problems or main points of the story. By this process, they can tell the main points from the minor ones.
By re-reading, the child picks up little bits of information that were probably missed out.
Ask questions: Let your child come up with questions about the text and let them move away from this to focus on the moral aspect of the story.
Make connections: Let your child connect a particular character in the text to someone he or she knows. Let him or her group the similarities together and the opposites separately in order to understand the text from an entirely different perspective.
The above reading teaching strategies are sure to teach your child how to speak at an early age.